Week3 - Week 3: The Bolshevik Revolution 1. Introduction to...

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Week 3: The Bolshevik Revolution 1. Introduction to communist ideology o The basic principles of Marxism ( The Communist Manifesto, 1848) Historical Materialism - signified the idea that the moving force behind all historical events can be seen in the economic progression of society The way man produced goods to meet needs was vital to the way that history progressed. Defined the Base of Society Economic development The Superstructure Government, arts, sports, media, etc. Class Struggle and Revolution There is an established a minority ruling class of owners and a majority of workers who produced but did not own Relationship between owners (bourgeoisie) and workers (proletariat) leads to constant class struggle This struggle will inevitably lead to the collapse of the class system, the oppressed overthrowing their oppressors, and essentially a revolution and ultimately a classless society without states--a utopia. The ideals of Marxism work better in lesser developed societies. o Lenin's adaptation Lenin Leader in the Russian social democratic party (exiled in Switzerland) Read the Communist Manifesto Wanted to speed up the inevitable communist revolution in Russia In 1914, communism was still very young in Europe but was pushed to the forefront with the cataclysm of WWI WWI had a disastrous effect on the Russian political elite and made it a prime candidate for communist revolution (where it definitely was not before) WWI also exposed all the problems with Russian politics and society In 1917, morale started to collapse March 1917 -- Czar Nicholas II forced to abdicate
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Handed power to Alexander Kerensky under a provisional government Proved to be very unpopular despite move towards democracy because Russia remained in the war The Bolsheviks (split from the Russian Social
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course HIST 1150 taught by Professor Macdougall during the Winter '08 term at University of Guelph.

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Week3 - Week 3: The Bolshevik Revolution 1. Introduction to...

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