This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.
This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: Week 2: The First World War 1. Course of the Conflict o Eastern Front Stretched from Balkans (South) to Baltic (North) Britain and France were fighting in Russia The unpopularity of the war led to the abdication of Czar Nicholas II Morality among Russian troops fell The Bolshviks seized the capital Lenin (Communist leader) signed armistice in December 1917 Treaty of Brest-Litovsk in March 1918 o Western Front Germans suffered heavy casualties Contrary to Nazi and Nationalist propaganda, the decision to sign an armistice was made by political and military leaders o Italy joined the war with the Treaty of London in May 1915 with the Allies o Mobilizing the war 66 million men were called to the front in Europe Military and home front moral held up very well until very much later in the war (with the exception of Russia) Only large mutiny of the allies was the French army in 1916 when 30000 men revolted Italian army almost collapsed at the battle of Caporetto in Fall 1917 Why did soldiers fight in WWI? Nationalism/Patriotism Seen with the French Army in the Battle of Verdun Education/Indoctrination/Propaganda Newspapers Cinema Posters Conscription Camaraderie Friendship Trench Friendships did not last long as mortality rates were high Coercion/Peer Pressure/Duty What kind of man were you if you did not fight for your family or country?...
View Full Document
- Winter '08