Week 5 - Week 5: The Second World War 1. Origins of the war...

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Week 5: The Second World War 1. Origins of the war o From the Saarland to Czechoslovakia: Overview of German 'peacetime'  expansion, 1935 -1939 Nazi had expansionist policy -- to overturn the hated Treaty of Versailles  (Lebensraum) Turning over of the Saarland (by Plebiscite in Jan. 1935) Remilitarization of the Rhineland (March 1936) Annexed Austria (Anschluss) Given the Sudetenland (Munich Conference Sept. 1938) Invasion of Czechoslovakia (March 1939) Separate Slovakian state was created under Pro-Nazi  leadership o Why the other European powers failed to combat Nazism: weaknesses of the  League of Nations; fear of war; 'better Hitler than Stalin' Weakness of League of Nations Designed after WWI as a policing force with military capabilities Had done very little to stop breaches of international rules of  conduct Japanese Invasion of Manchuria Italian Invasion of Abyssinia German Remilitarization of Rhineland By 1936, LoN was a non-factor and was considered completely  ineffective Fear of War Britain and France remembered the horrors of the Western Front  Slaughter Both had considerably lower military spending after WWI  compared to Germany Tried to make peace with Hitler - Appeasement Gave Hitler the Sudetenland with the promise that this was  the end of German expansion The policy of appeasement ended with the invasion of  Czechoslovakia. Mistrust of the Soviet Union Many British and French Politicians held the quote "Better Hitler,  than Stalin" Soviet Union was looking for allies in the West
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Joined LoN in 1935 The ComIntern declared a new strategy - "The popular  front" to turn the socialist, communists, trade unionists against the  Fascism and the Nazis.
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Week 5 - Week 5: The Second World War 1. Origins of the war...

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