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Unformatted text preview: Week 7: Genocide in the Twentieth Century: the Holocaust and Beyond February-26-08 4:02 PM Introduction o Holocaust was swept under the carpet Only became a large focus of history in the mid 1960s Many survivors didn't want to talk Political reasons Cold War alliances between West Germany and Israel with the US o Important to see the Holocaust of the Jews as part of a larger plan to destroy any one of "lesser human value" (ex. Gypsies, homosexuals, political prisoners, Blacks, etc.) Historiography -- the reasons why it happened o Intentionalists A 'straight path from Hitler in pre-1914 Vienna to the death camps of WWII Believed that the Final Solution was conceived by Hitler and the Nazi leadership very early in history The measures that the Nazis took against the Jews in the 1930s were the stepping stones to WWII Hitler's hatred of Jews was confirmed by WWI He believed that Germany was 'stabbed in the back' by scheming Jews and Marxists during the war, causing Germany's defeat Many speeches where Hitler prophesized the destruction and annihilation of the Jewish Race In 1930, there was a general boycott of Jewish stores In Sept 1935, the Nuremburg Laws were passed Jews were no longer German citizens Germans and Jews could not marry November 1938, Kristallnacht - The Night of Broken Glass A violent pogrom against all Jews and their property o Functionalists/structuralists The 'twisted path to Auschwitz' The Nazis legislation did not lead to the extermination Point towards forcing Jews to emigrate Hitler sometimes toned down his anti-Semitic laws...
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