minor essay - PHIL 301 Egoism vs Altruism Minor Essay...

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PHIL 301 Egoism vs. Altruism Minor Essay JoffJonathan Hvervene 27.11.07 1
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Jonathan Hverven Phil 301 Dr. Raymond Anthony Minor Essay/Question # 2 Egoism versus Altruism I have always looked at myself as an unselfish person with a good sense of empathy towards my friends and other people. I have always thought about egoism as something solely negative. That was before I knew the true meaning and concept of the word. Now I am no longer so sure; is it possible to be an absolute altruist? Is it possible to keep going on an absolute altruistic line of life without any egoistic subsidiary interference? Psychological egoism is a human beings factual motivation in life. Psychological egoism builds around that our intended actions are always controlled by our own interests, wishes and motives (http://filosofi.no/etikk.html). We are motivated by a wish to accomplish a sort of self fulfillment, meaning that our actions in all aspects of our lives (from buying a sandwich because we are hungry, to studying for an exam to get a good grade) are all done because it is for our own beneficial interests, wishes and motives. The definition for ethical egoism is basically “how we ought to act”. Ethical egoism builds itself around the idea that the best way to promote collective reimbursement, is to follow self-interests. By always striving for our own personal self fulfillment a person will better be able to promote what is in the best interest of the community, more so than always striving to promote the community’s interests. A person is able to hold a sociable role that supports the general public by taking care of his or her own well being and self interest first.
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