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Prelim 1 Study Guide

Prelim 1 Study Guide - 1 PSYCH 325 PRELIM 1 STUDY GUIDE...

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1 PSYCH 325 PRELIM 1 STUDY GUIDE SIGMUND FREUD, INTRODUCTORY LECTURES ON PSYCHO-ANALYSIS 17-60--WHITNEY 60-100--HALLIE 101-155--PAIGE 155-209--SAKOFSKY 209-246--JUGA 301-350--BECKY 350-421--Hallie and Whitney Lecture 1: Introduction psycho-analysis is a procedure for the mental treatment of neurotic patients -in psycho-analytic treatment, the difficulties of the methods are pointed out to the patient, along with its long during, the efforts and sacrifices it calls for, and how its success depends on the patient himself psycho-analysis was misunderstood in Freud’s time in medical training you are accustomed to SEEING things, even in psychiatry, but in psycho-analysis nothing takes place but an interchange of words between the patient and the analyst—the doctor listens and tries to direct the patient’s processes of thought in certain directions so that he can give explanations and observe reactions; the psychoanalyst plays a part one learns psychoanalysis by studying one’s own personality before psychoanalysis, mental disorders can only be accessible to therapeutic influence when they are recognized as side effects of organic illnesses—this gap is what psychoanalysis is trying to fill by converging physical and mental disorder 2 hypotheses of psycho-analysis (they are an insult to the world and have earned dislike) 1. mental processes are unconscious and of all mental life it is only certain acts and portions that are conscious 2. instinctual impulses (which can only be described as sexual both in the narrower and wider sense of the word) play an extremely large part in the causation of nervous and mental disease—these same sexual impulses also make contributions (that must not be underestimated) to the highest cultural, artistic, and social creations of the human spirit -it is believed that civilization has been created under the pressure of the exigencies of life at the cost of satisfaction of the instincts—each person who comes into society sacrifices instinctual satisfaction for the benefit of the whole community -sexual impulses are sublimated—they are diverted from their sexual aims and directed to other aims that are socially higher and no longer sexual -they are imperfectly tamed and society believes that the sexual instincts being liberated and returned to their original aims is the largest threat to civilization
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2 Lecture 2: Parapraxes parapraxes: certain phenomena which are common and familiar but haven’t been examined; literally “faulty acts/faulty functions” (ex: mishearing, misreading, slip of the tongue, temporarily forgetting, misplacing/mislaying) failures in functioning: their determinants can be assigned -ex: a man makes a slip of the tongue because he is (1) indisposed and tired (2) excited or (3) too much occupied with other things -the preconditions for the occurrence of these phenomena aren’t all the same— being ill provides a “physiological reason” while fatigue and distraction are factors
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Prelim 1 Study Guide - 1 PSYCH 325 PRELIM 1 STUDY GUIDE...

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