Final Review

Final Review - Page 1 PHILOSOPHY REVIEW FOR FINAL 1. Terms:...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Page 1 PHILOSOPHY REVIEW FOR FINAL 1. Terms: - Knowledge: justified true belief; true belief plus an account of the reason why (good reasons) - Belief: truth is not implied, as it is in knowledge - True belief: implies truth and belief, but does not have reasons to justify, whereas knowledge does; in Phaedo, it says that a person can only have true belief or knowledge, not both, about the same thing - Compresence: one of the interpretations of Heraclitus’ claim that all things are one; opposites exist at the same time; for example, the path up and down can be traveled in either direction, but there is only one path, so opposites exist at same time - Succession of opposites: another interpretation of Heraclitus’ claim that all things are one; opposites don’t exist at the same time, but one succeeds or replaces the other in a cycle; however, opposites can’t be identical or one and the same; for example, day and night - Gyges’ ring: Socrates uses a thought experiment to prove people are just unwillingly and only behave justly for the consequences; two people wear ring and turn invisible, one has always been just, the other always unjust, but both behave unjustly because they can get away with it; the exception is that a god-like person wouldn’t take ring to act unjustly - Glaucon’s challenge: Socrates is asked to 1) say what justice is; 2) show that justice is good in itself, not just for benefits; 3) show that justice is the greatest good of the soul, which would mean that by itself it is still better than any combination of other goods; 4) show that justice is necessary for happiness; and 5) show what justice does to the soul of the one who has it; Socrates tries to prove 2 and 3 by 5, and says that having justice brings happiness; but this would mean that justice is good for consequence of happiness; since Socrates is trying to prove that justice is good in itself, this arrives at the fallacy of irrelevance - The fallacy of irrelevance (Plato’s Republic): Sachs claims that Plato does not answer questions but talks about other things; Platonic justice=x is just if and only if x promotes psychic harmony; Ordinary justice=not harming others and benefiting others; a) Platonic just person also behaves according to ordinary justice, 2) Ordinary just person conforms to Platonic justice; Plato does not believe b, but mentions a; with both, there wouldn’t be fallacy of irrelevance; but Platonic justice is a much more demanding condition, so if Plato can show a, then he has answered question about justice; Sachs says Plato has to show both OJ PJ and PJ OJ, but Plato doesn’t commit himself to address this - Instrumental or causal means to happiness: - Components of happiness: Socrates is asked to prove that the dominant component of happiness is justice, because it is the greatest good of the soul
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Page 2 - Material monism: the idea that there is only one basic thing; for Heraclitus, his logos that all things are one could be interpreted to mean that everything is made of fire, which is the one
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This test prep was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course PHIL 2110 taught by Professor Fine,g during the Fall '05 term at Cornell.

Page1 / 11

Final Review - Page 1 PHILOSOPHY REVIEW FOR FINAL 1. Terms:...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online