Brown--potentiality argument

Brown--potentiality argument - Potentiality Argument Paper...

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Don Marquis: Whether or not abortion is morally permissible stands or falls on whether or not a fetus is the sort of being whose life is seriously wrong to end What makes killing wrong is the effect on the victim—loss of life is one of the greatest losses—deprives one of experiences—not necessarily the loss of life that is wrong but the loss of the things that GO ALONG WITH LIFE (POTENTIALLY) is wrong “…when I die, I am deprived of all of the value of my future. ..” When people are dying they are upset because they want to experience more—his theory fits with the attitude of dying Theory that it is wrong to kill because it deprives one of a future it is prima facia wrong to kill children and infants “The future of a standard fetus includes a set of experiences, projects, activities, and such which are identical with the futures of young children. Since the reason that is sufficient to explain why it is wrong to kill human beings after the time of birth is a reason that also applies to fetuses, it follows that abortion is prima facie seriously morally wrong *****IMPORTANT*****: “THIS ARGUMENT DOES NOT RELY ON THE INVALID INFERENCE THAT, SINCE IT IS WRONG TO KILL PERSONS, IT IS WRONG TO KILL POTENTIAL PERSONS ALSO. The category that is morally central to this analysis is the category of having a valuable future like ours; it is not the category of personhood.” Judith Jarvis Thomson “Abortion and Maternal Relations”: “A newly fertilized ovum, a newly implanted clump of cells, is no more a person than an acorn is an oak tree.” ( VERY GOOD QUOTE) Accepts (but does not believe in) the premise that a fetus is a person from the moment of contraception “It may be said that what is important is not merely the fact that the fetus is a person, but that it is a person for whom the woman has a special kind of responsibility issuing from the fact that she is the mother. And it might be argued that all my analogies are therefore irrelevant—for you do not have that special kind of responsibility for that violinist.” “At this place, however, it should be remembered that we have only been pretending throughout that the fetus is a human being from the moment of conception. A very
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Brown--potentiality argument - Potentiality Argument Paper...

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