Ryan essay outline - John Locke-the belief that real...

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John Locke—the belief that “real existence” is commensurate to existing outside of the mind - Locke, substance is capable of independent existence – but we have no way of knowing “substance,” says Berkeley! “substratum”—accounts for the continued existence of objects over time despite qualitative change—you can’t just have “brittleness”—you need something to be brittle A sensible thing can’t just be a collection of perceptions—we need a thing doing the perceiving and the thing being perceived (substratum) We must be skeptical of our concept of substance—we understand WHY the substratum is necessary, but what is the substratum like? We have to name a quality to describe the substratum, but then it is no longer a substratum—it is impossible to have a positive idea of substratum Nominal essence—set of characteristics we have put together and given a name to Real essence—unobservable constitution that is causally responsible for the observed properties of a thing Gold can’t just be all of its qualities—something has to have the qualities Locke says that we can only know nominal essence Berkeley says that nominal essence is real essence—all we have are ideas---GOD is causally responsible for our ideas
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This essay was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course PHIL 337 taught by Professor Ryan during the Spring '08 term at Trinity College, Hartford.

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Ryan essay outline - John Locke-the belief that real...

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