Chapter 3 Review Questions - Chapter 3 Review Questions 1 2...

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Chapter 3 Review Questions 1. What are the relative advantages and disadvantages of the functional, matrix, and dedicated team approaches to managing projects? - Functional organization advantages are: There’s no change: projects are completed using the basic structure already in place. Flexibility: Staff can be used in a number of different ways on different projects at different times. In-Depth Expertise: If the right unit is assigned to the project, a high level of expertise can be used or critical aspects of the project. Easy Post-Project Transition: Once done with the project, staff can generally go back to their place within the organization and follow their chosen career path. Disadvantages are Lack of Focus: Functional units have their core work to do, and project work can be secondary to their core operation. Poor Integration: Staff is concerned with their aspect of the project and not necessary what’s best for the project as a whole. Slow: Takes longer to complete projects through this functional arrangement. Lack of Ownership: Motivation can be weak, project can be seen as an additional burden that is not directly linked to professional development and therefore takes a backseat to more pressing core work. - Dedicated Teams advantages are Simple: Other than taking resources away from the organization, the functional units stay intact. Fast: Projects tend to get done more quickly when participants devote their full attention to the project and are not distracted by other duties. Cohesive: A high level of motivation and cohesiveness often emerges within the project team. Cross-Functional Integration: Specialists from different areas work closely together and, with proper guidance, become committed to optimizing the project. Disadvantages are Expensive:
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