Theology of Paul - Notes II

Theology of Paul - Notes II - 1 BTH387 Theology of Paul...

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1 BTH387 Theology of Paul Lecture Notes for Final 3.25.2008 Paul and the Law There was a substantial emphasis on works. Positive and negative merits: negative being demerits (the wages of sin is death, Rom 6.23). One thorough rabbinic work (Abraham Marmorstein) cited instances in Jewish literature which speak about works and merit and earning merit before God. It is acknowledged that God's mercy works and balances the lack. Merit is to get reward: this side of heaven and in heaven—it is both. The Law is good. They viewed the Torah as part of God's grace, but still a merit system. God's covenant with Israel was truly a gracious thing. Their acceptance of the covenant is sometimes perceived as a meritorious work. Wages of the Righteous and the Unrighteous Targum adds "rewards" for righteousness to a Deuteronomy passage. Lev 18:5 Keep my rules and you will live by them. Targum teaches works resulting in eternal life. Ahare Mot 8 says the life is that of the life to come, not this life here on earth. Fourth Ezra also says keeping Gods rules brings eternal life. Merit of the Patriarchs and Matriarchs Targum teaches the fathers and mothers pass on merit; more specifically, merit was imputed. Merit Rewards and Demerit Punishments One who keeps the Law is blessed and is shielded from punishment and has one advocate. The one who commits transgression is punished and has one accuser. Premise: God wouldn't givea command with out giving a reward or punishment to follow it. God makes sure to pay the wicked for the few good deeds they do while they are in this world, so that He can punish them in the world to come. Obedience Saves in the Coming Age Merits have an eschatological aspect. In the end, merits will save from Gehenna. This is almost blatantly proclaiming legalism for salvation. E. P. Sanders He points out that the Torah never requires perfect obedience. (Sanders is right on this point.) So Paul did not require perfect obedience. Thorsell says, Paul argues this: If you believe that torah obedience is necessary to gain eternal life, then you must keep it perfectly. Torah—Obedience—Life
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course UNKNOWN 387 taught by Professor Thorsell during the Spring '08 term at The Mater's University.

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Theology of Paul - Notes II - 1 BTH387 Theology of Paul...

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