Theology of Paul - Notes - 1 BTH387 Theology of Paul...

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1 BTH387 Theology of Paul Lecture Notes 1.24.2008 1. Context of Paul's Theology 1.1. Koine Greek 1.1.1. Paul lived in a Koine Greek world. 1.1.2. A huge part of the world spoke Greek. Asia minor, Achaia, Macedonia, Egypt—Eastern Mediterranean. 1.2. Hebrew Scriptures (LXX) 1.2.1. Paul probably knew Hebrew. He uses Hebrew phrases some. 1.2.2. When he became a Christian, he stopped writing in Hebrew. He probably knew Greek as a child, since he grew up with it around him. 1.2.3. He probably quoted from memory most if not all of the time which accounts for the variations. 1.2.4. He thinks like a 1 st century Jew. 1.3. Common faith of the Christians 1.3.1. The culture was not a literate culture, they depended on the oral communication of teaching, rather than written communication. 1.3.2. Mishna was written in the early part of the 3 rd century. Before that, Oral tradition. 1.3.3. Christians passed on teachings of Jesus orally, among other teachings. 1.3.4. Paul assumes a lot of oral background for his readers. 1.4. The Jesus traditions 1.4.1. People in Paul's day passed around stories of Jesus. 1.5. Specific issues in the churches 1.5.1. The Corinthian church is probably asking Paul questions to which he is responding and addressing. 1.5.2. Romans addresses their situation—Jews and Gentiles together in the same church. 2. Paul's Interpreters 2.1. Pre-critical views 2.1.1. Reformation – Greek and Hebrew 2.1.2. Some interpreted Paul in a very unorthodox way 2.1.3. 2.2. F.C. Baur and the Tu bingen School 2.2.1. Jewish and Law – Paul – they gradually merged to form Catholicism (EC —Early Christianity) in the 3 rd century. 2.3. Modernism 2.3.1. This view perceives Paul as a helenizer of Christianity 2.3.2. Paul was the one who turned Jesus' teaching into a worship of divine being – the Christ. 2.4. Religionsgeschichte 2.4.1. Christianity can be known by looking at some of its influences and patterns of other religious perspectives of the day.
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2 2.4.2. Dalmon – Aramaic influence behind the NT – Paul helenized the Aramaic Jesus. 2.4.3. Mystery Religions – A near eastern religion that was transformed during roman empire into something secret, mysterious, not open, secret rights and pledges, blood oaths.
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