religion301_final - 1 REL 301 Final Exam Vocabulary...

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Behavior Modification: Principles and Procedures
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Chapter Q / Exercise 10
Behavior Modification: Principles and Procedures
Miltenberger
Expert Verified
1REL 301 Final ExamVocabularyAtheistic existentialism—is a view that accepts all the components of naturalism except those that relate to human nature and our ability to act within the cosmos.Passive Nihilism: a pessimistic acquiescence in the absence of values and in the purposelessness of existence.Social Nihilism—differs from a philosophical doctrine in that it refers to “the lived experience of coping with a life of horrifying meaninglessness, hopelessness, and (most important) lovelessness. Leads to a numbing detachment from others and a self-destructive disposition toward the world.Nihilism—strictly speaking is the negation of all ideas, purpose, philosophy, hope, etc.; it sees humanity as an object that cannot escape the creeping process of self-disintegration. It is for the most part a value judgment and it can take on a number of forms.The absurd:Confrontation between man's appeal and the irrational silence of the world. Feeling arises through several ways, for example, nature's indifference to man's values and ideals. John Paul Sartre—major French atheistic thinker recognized by most philosophers as a paradigm for what “existentialism” means his work focuses on the notion of being.Active nihilism—seeks to destroy that which it no longer believes. Nietzsche prophesied, for instance, the advent of an active nihilism showing itself in world-shaking ideological wars.Epistemological nihilists—means that we can know nothing. Any knowledge of the universe is impossible.Solipsism—the affirmation that each person alone is the determiner of values and that there are thus as many centers of value as there are persons in the cosmos at any one time. This is the problem that arises in ethics for the existentialist.Sören Kierkegaard— A Danish thinker who stressed life as it is lived. Father of Existentialism because of his emphasis on individual subjectivity. Attacked Christendom from within and also exposed the notionof objectivity.Übermensch (Sire p.118 and 227)—the “overman” or “superman,” one who has risen above the conventional herd and has fashioned himself; the only self worth living according to NietzscheAmerican Creed: myth that states that all men are created equala and endowed with unalienable rights American Exceptionalism: the idea that the US is qualitatively different from other countries; stems from the idea that the US was the first new nation based on egalitarianism, individualism, and laissez-faireCivil religion: The religious dimension found in the life of every people, through which it interprets its historical experience in the light of transcendent reality
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Behavior Modification: Principles and Procedures
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Chapter Q / Exercise 10
Behavior Modification: Principles and Procedures
Miltenberger
Expert Verified
2Myth: a story that speaks meaning and purpose, speaks truth to those who take it seriouslyWilliam Tyndale: influenced the chosen nation; translated the first reformation Bible in EnglandMetanarrative: an abstract idea that is thought to be a comprehensive explanation of historical experience or knowledge; a story about a storyÜbermensch:

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