What are the steps in research design? 1. The Problem – The first step involves the proper selection and then carefully defining the problem. By this researcher will be enabled to know about what he has to search, but it should be kept in mind that the problems selected should not be unmanageable in nature and also should not be based on the desires. 2. Objective of the study – The objective should be very clear in the mind of the researcher as this will lead to the clarity of the design and proper response from the respondents. 3. Nature of the study – The research design should be very much in relation with the nature of the study, which is to be carried out. 4. Data sources – The various sources of the data or the information should be very clearly stated by the researcher. 5. Techniques of data collection – For the collection of the required information, it sometimes becomes very necessary to use some especial techniques. 6. Social cultural context – Research design based on the social cultural concept is prepared in order to avoid the various study variations. 7. Geographical limit – This step becomes a necessity at this point of time as with the help of this step, research linked to the hypothesis applies only to certain number of social groups. 8. Basis of selection – Selecting a proper sample acts as a very important and critical step and this is done with the help of some mechanics like drawing a random stratified, deliberate, double cluster or quota sample etc. What are the various types of research? 1. Pure research a. Also called as the fundamental or the theoretical research. b. Is basic and original. c. Can lead to the discovery of a new theory. d. Can result in the development or refinement of a theory that already exists. e. Helps in getting knowledge without thinking formally of implementing it in practice based on the honesty, love and integrity of the researcher for discovering the truth. 2. Applied research a. Based on the concept of the pure research. b. Is problem oriented. c. Helps in finding results or solutions for real life problems. d. Provides evidence of usefulness to society. e. Helps in testing empirical content of a theory. f. Utilizes and helps in developing the techniques that can be used for basic research. g. Helps in testing the validity of a theory but under some conditions. h. Provides data that can lead to the acceleration of the process of generalization. 3. Exploratory research a. Involves exploring a general aspect. b. Includes studying of a problem, about which nothing or a very little is known. c. Follows a very formal approach of research. d. Helps in exploring new ideas.
e. Helps in gathering information to study a specific problem very minutely.
- Fall '16
- Parmeshwor vetwal