Chapter 7 Intelligence

Chapter 7 Intelligence - Amnesia Anterograde New events are...

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Amnesia 0. Anterograde 0. New events are not transferred to LTM 0. (can’t remember events that occur after the onset of the amnesia) 1. Retrograde 1. Unable to recall events that occurred before the onset of the amnesia 1. (can’t remember events that occurred before the onset of the amnesia) What does amnesia illustrates about memory? 0. STM and LTM based on different mechanisms 1. Procedural and Episodic memories are distinct Constructive Memory 2. Memory formation affected by not only what we perceived, but also by what we already know. 3. Existing knowledge is used to organize new information as we receive it. Reconstruction Theory 4. Information in LTM is incomplete 0. Some info is lost during encoding, some lost or changed during storage, some can’t be retrieved 5. Memories reconstructed during retrieval Eyewitness testimony Eyewitness Memory 0. Eyewitness testimony can be among the most influential pieces of evidence in a criminal trial and often the most inaccurate. 1. Eyewitness memory can be distorted in the encoding process, storage, and/or in the retrieval processes
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Eyewitness Memory 6. Reconstruction of memories influenced by leading questions 1. Misinformation effect: 0. incorporating misleading information into one’s memory of an event 2. As we recount an experience, we fill in the memory gaps with guesses and assumptions Loftus 7. Main Conclusions: 3. Eyewitness memories can be inaccurate 4. Questions containing false presuppositions can affect recall 5. Memories can be changed based on new info 6. Recall is a constructive process; new info affects reconstruction of a memory Intelligence 7. What is Intelligence? 8. Myers: The capacity to learn from experience, solve
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Chapter 7 Intelligence - Amnesia Anterograde New events are...

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