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Unformatted text preview: Spencer Syfig Nevins-Caswell April 27, 2006 MIOP India’s Bapu Mohandas Gandhi is regarded as one of the most influential peaceful leaders of the twentieth century. He led his country of India out of a government that oppressed and disregarded its citizens. He believed in simple principles such as non- violence, discovering truth, simplicity, and faith (The Official Mahatma Gandhi eArchive ). Through these principles he led India through a very rough independence movement. Despite Gandhi’s wishes, there was a level of violence that accompanied the revolution. A revolution was inevitable in India, although if Gandhi had not immerged as a leader then India’s independence would have been marked by much more war and further bloodshed. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in 1869 in the Indian coastal town of Porbandar (www.mkgandhi.org). He was born into the business class of the caste system as his father was chief minister of the town (wikipedia.com). Being born into this caste gave him certain advantages that he would not have had if born an untouchable. Gandhi was raised learning the religion of Jainism which taught non- violence, fasting, vegetarianism, and respect between various levels of the caste system (“Mahatma Gandhi”). He would carry these ideals on for the rest of his life. Gandhi, along with his brother and cousin, were all married off at the age of 13 for economic reasons (mkgandhi.org). His wife was Kasturba Makhanji, an illiterate wealthy girl whom Gandhi taught to read and write at a time when this was an Syfrig 2 uncommon skill for women (“Kasturba Gandhi”). His patience and caring persona allowed him to take the time and effort necessary to undergo such a feat. Gandhi eventually attended school at University College London (The Official Mahatma Gandhi eArchive ). While at college Gandhi started a vegetarian society and became secretary (mkgandhi.org). This experience gave him the skills on managing and instructing people. After being turned down by multiple jobs Gandhi returned to his hometown and was eventually appointed to an Indian firm in South Africa (“Mahatma Gandhi”). To understand the situation in India during Gandhi’s life, one must understand the vast history of the country. The history of India can be traced to over 12,000 years ago when the first modern human records can be found (“History of India”). The European colonization began in 1498 when Vasco Da Gama discovered a trading route to India. The Portuguese set up the first trading camps which lasted 500 years (“History of India”). The British East Trading Company established large trading posts in multiple cities which were protected and run by local natives ((Halsall, Paul)....
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- Spring '06
- British Raj, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Mahatma Gandhi, Indian independence movement