AJ Exam I class notes

AJ Exam I class notes - 1.23.08 The law is also used to...

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1.23.08 The law is also used to control the police; why don’t we have a national police force – we don’t trust  them, we see them as a threat to our society; in the same sense society doesn’t trust a national education  system. Procedural Law  (biggest risk for police officers) Ex: reading someone their Miranda rights, serving warrants Substantive Law : content of the law Ex: prohibitions against thefts,  Procedural Justice Followed b/c of race Substantive Justice If person is given harsher punishment than someone else that committed a similar law 4 distinct police roles 1. law enforcement (making arrest, finding suspects/victims, etc) 2. peace keeping (on a micro scale) 3. order maintenance (peace keeping on a macro scale; preventing riots,  4. public service (last and least desired activity, some ppl see it as doing social work) Less than 10% of their work involves ; most involves peace keeping and public service; order is done  when peace keeping has failed; #1 conflicts with #3 1967 – Urban riots in 24 cities in the summer; Gov. of Illinois asked to investigate why cities  started burning b/c of riots;  Gov found that 50% of riots began b/c police started to enforce the  law Police Image Communities have different attitudes Media focus on the negative? One or few negative media can destroy reputation Stereotypes of POs 
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Working personality of police  Job conditions changes your attitude, beliefs, they become less tolerant  ?: do certain types of personalities seek out police work or does police work mold the personalities of  POs? In Dallas the following has been done to recruit more POs  Tolerating ppl that have had drug arrest $10,000 bonus if ppl made it through the academy  Recruit nationally (other cities have been doing the same) Lateral Entry One is able to move from one company to another w/out losing their title through their transition  Police don’t have this luxury; they have to start back at the bottom; the only exception is w/ the  chief o The goal is to have high retention rates of PD  o Every organization requires knowledge from below Military Model  – follows the same lateral entry rule Split department  Uniform division Detective division  Types of department: 2 general models 1. Fraternal Most are recuited locally; have insider knowledge  Emphasis w/ police of same family; know each other Are recruited via friendships Are bound by tradition Have high discretion  Low turnover 2. Professional  Recruits nationally  There are tests and high standards  Have more rules and regulations
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course SOCI 4356 taught by Professor Hawkins during the Spring '08 term at SMU.

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AJ Exam I class notes - 1.23.08 The law is also used to...

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