Psychology - Chapter 4 Notes - Allison Bauer Chapter 4...

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Allison Bauer Chapter 4 – Consciousness Introduction Are you a Multitasker? Have you ever been watching TV and your parents say something to you but your response is “huh”? This is because of selective attention or cocktail party phenomenon – focusing our attention on a particular thing which decreases our performance on the other task we are trying to perform - In attentional/ change blindness = failure to see something b/c attention is elsewhere (we really can’t multitask) - Sometimes multitasking is dangerous: texting and driving o Computers are really the only source that can multitask. o In our world today it is common to find people multitasking but this leads to a decrease in performance 4.1 States of consciousness Module introduction Willian james said states of consioueness is like water flowing constantly down a river Focused Awareness - Consciousness is Selective – we have the ability to direct our attention to certain objects, events, or experiences while filtering our extraneous stimuli - Focused awareness: a state of heightened alertness in which one is fully absorbed in the task at hand - This allows us to perform at our best when completing tasks that require fixed attention, such as learning new skill or studying for exam - Ex: being so into a book, that it’s a “page turner”, losing all awareness of time, and other distracting external stimuli (noises, rumbling air conditioners) or even internal stimuli ( sensations of hunger or aches and pains) - Ex: Facebook = “core flow state” – a pleasurable arousal and focused awareness in which person is completely absorbed in the activity at hand Drifting Consciousness - Difficult to have a state of focused awareness for extended periods of time - Mind starts to drift to thought to thought
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- State of Drifting Consciousness may lead to Daydreaming State of Drifting Consciousness: a state of awareness characterized by drifting thoughts or mental imagery Daydreaming: a form of consciousness during a waking state in which ones mind wanders to dreamy thoughts or fantasies (usually facets of everyday life) - We tend to daydream usually when we are bored or engaged in unstructured activities like waiting for a bus - Disrupts recent memory in class, we tend to blink more when our mind wanders which reduces amount of info processing to our brain - 47 % of time our mind is wandering - A wandering mind is not a happy mind Divided Consciousness o Driving may become so routine that you experience a state of dived consciousness like divided attention between driving and other thoughts or remembering song lyrics or fantasizing about a vacation o States of Divided consciousness occur when we simultaneously perform two different activities, each demanding some levels of attention Divided consciousness: a state of awareness characterized by divided attention to two or more tasks or activities performed at the same time Usually one activity is a mechanical task , like driving while our mind is on “automatic pilot”
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