Psychology - Chapter 5 Notes - Learning

Psychology - Chapter 5 Notes - Learning - Allison Bauer...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

Allison Bauer Chapter 5: Intro Learning: (trying to shape ones behavior) any process through which experience at one time can alter an individual’s behavior at a future ti Three types of Learning 1. Classical conditioning – “learning by association” the process of learning by which a previously neutral stimulus come to elicit a response identical or similar to one that was originally elicited by another stimulus as the result of the paring or association of the two stimuli Ex: pairing dentist drill with pain, pairing rats with fear 2. Operant conditioning - the process of learning in which the consequences of a response determine the probability that the response will be repeated 3. Cognitive learning 5.1 Classical Conditioning – Learning through Association Module Intro Principles of Classical Conditioning Pavlov – experimented with dogs and salivation o Unconditioned response (UR) – “unlearned” an unlearned response to a stimulus Ex: reflex behavior of a dog salivating when food is present o Unconditioned stimulus – a stimulus that elicits an unlearned response - Ex: the dogs food, always producing a unlearned response of salivation o Neutral stimulus – a stimulus that before conditioning does not produce a particular response - Ex: A tone that is struck from a tuning for or ringing a bell o Conditioned response (CR) – an acquired or learned response to a conditioned stimulus - Ex: salivation because of a tone or bell ringing o Conditioned Stimulus – a previously neutral stimulus that comes to elicit a conditioned response after it has been paired with an unconditioned stimulus - Ex: tone or bell ringing Characteristics of Classical Conditioning a. Extinction and spontaneous Recovery Extinction – The gradual weakening and eventual disappearance of a conditioned response, it is not forgotten or lost in memory - Repeated presentation of the conditioned stimulus (tone) in the absence of the unconditioned stimulus (food) - Ex: he sound of the tone soon weakens with the absence of the US (food)
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

- Gradual exposure – therapy technique makes use of the principle of extinction to help people overcome phobias Spontaneous recovery – a recovered response, the spontaneous return of a conditioned response following extinction Reconditioning – the process of relearning a conditioned response following extinction b. Stimulus Generalization and Stimulus Discrimination Stimulus generalization - the tendency for stimuli that are similar to be conditioned stimulus to elicit a conditioned response, process in which organism produces the same conditioned response to 2 similar stimulus (CS) - Greater difference between two related stimuli = weaker conditioned response - Ex: The dogs that salivate at the tone of a tuning fork may salivate to other noises that are similar to the toning fork, but to a less stronger degree - Sometimes has survival value: when we are young and get bite by a big dog, later in life when we see a large dog we may tense up (helps us in case) -
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern