10. Political Parties_2021.pdf - Political Parties What is...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 9 pages.

Political PartiesWhat is a political party?An organised group that seeks to achieve representation in parliament and to exert influence orcontrol over the machinery of government.Functions of Political PartiesIn a Westminster parliamentary democracy, such as Australia, organised political parties areseen as fulfilling a number of important functions.1.Parties draw together people who havesimilar political philosophies and ideas. Whilstthese people may not agree on all matters (hence the existence of factions and"tendencies"), parties are a means by which people of broadly similar interests can meet,organise and campaign.2.Parties are the chief means by whichpolitical power is exercised in Australia. All Federal,State and Territory governments are composed of people who belong to political parties.Electors usually vote for parties, rather than for individual candidates.
3.Parties select candidates to contest elections for public office. This process is known aspre-selection. The choice offered to voters is thus the choice offered by parties. This is especiallyimportant insafeseats where one party consistently wins. Since the parties provide thecandidates for election, it follows that parties also provide the nation's political leaders.4.In the parliamentary arena, political parties provide thegovernment and opposition. The partyor parties which wins a majority of seats in the lower house, the House of Representatives,forms the government. The party or parties which win the second largest number of seatsbecomes the Opposition. Much of the political debate is defined in government versusopposition terms.

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 9 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Spring
Professor
Mr. Guirmand
Tags
International Democrat Union, Liberal Party of Australia, Labor Party, Australian federal election 2004

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture