The American Anti-Slavery Society-
(1833-1870) was an abolitionist society founded by
William Lloyd Garrison. The society was the scene for many disagreements between Garrison
and other prominent abolitionists. One issue between the two sides was whether abolitionists
should enter politics as a distinct party. Another issue concerned the role of women in the
abolitionist movement. One famous member was Frederick Douglass.
The American Colonization Society-
founded Liberia in 1817 and transported free blacks there,
in an effort to remove them from the United States. The Society closely controlled the
development of Liberia until 1847, when it was declared to be an independent republic. By 1867,
the ACS had sent more than 13,000 settlers to Liberia.
fought on September 17, 1862, near Sharpsburg, Maryland and Antietam Creek, as
part of the Maryland Campaign, was the first major battle in the American Civil War to take
place on Northern soil. It was the bloodiest single-day battle in American history, with almost
Although the battle was tactically inconclusive, it had unique significance as
enough of a victory to give President Abraham Lincoln the confidence to announce his
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad(1828)-
is one of the oldest railroads in the United States, with an
original line from the port of Baltimore, Maryland. The B&O also included the Leiper Railroad,
the first permanent railroad in the U.S.
was a sequence of violent events involving Free-Staters and pro-slavery
elements that took place in Kansas–Nebraska Territory between 1854 and 1858 attempting to
influence whether Kansas would enter the union as a free or slave state. The term "Bleeding
Kansas" was coined by Horace Greeley of the
New York Tribune
. Proslavery Southerners formed
into armies and marched into Kansasand Brown with several of his followers engaged proslavery
soldiers in the "Battle of Osawatomie."
In the decade leading up to the American Civil War, pro-slavery activists
infiltrated Kansas Territory from the neighboring slave state of Missouri. To abolitionists and
other Free-Staters, who desired Kansas to be admitted to the Union as a free state, they were
collectively known as Border Ruffians.
Carpet baggers (1867)-
Northerners who moved to the South during Reconstruction between.
They formed a coalition with Freedmen, and Scalawags (Southern whites) in the Republican
Party, which in turn controlled ex-Confederate states for varying periods.
Charles Sumner (1871)-
was an American politician from MassachusettsSumner was the leader
of the antislavery forces in Massachusetts and the Radical Republicans in the U.S. Senate during
the Civil War and Reconstruction. He jumped from party to party, gaining fame as a Republican.
One of the most learned statesmen of the era, he specialized in foreign affairs, working closely