radioa[1]

radioa[1] - Going Nuclear Hundreds of employed scientists...

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Going Nuclear Hundreds of employed scientists meet in a large clandestine government operation. It is 1945, and the threat of Nazi Germany attaining weapons of mass destruction is terrifying America as well as its allies. The project has grown immensely into the 20 billion dollar operation it now is, with research also present in the United Kingdom and Canada. The number of people employed has also risen tremendously- by 130,000. The mission of this organization: developing and detonating nuclear bombs in two Japanese cities. The Manhattan Project was the time the United States developed the first atom bomb, and its creation has since resonated over half a century later. Nuclear weapons have always been sources of intimidation, from Nazi Germany to the Soviet Union, and later Iraq in the Gulf War. All the major wars the United States fought featured lingering fears of nuclear weapons making it into the forefront of battle. There remains the question of why nuclear weapons are topic of such concern, fear, and political messes. The answer is the explosive power of these devices, which can send radioactive shocks throughout an entire city and claim thousands of causalities. Since the beginning of the nuclear era, there has been great discussion and debate about these devices. Essentially, the weapons were created during a time in which they were much needed; and with increasing threats and less global harmony, the United States has entered a period where they are as important as ever. Because of the events of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the United States became the first country to ever use nuclear weapons during a conflict. The United States was one of the only five nuclear power states recognized under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty,
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which was an effort to curb the influence of nuclear weapons in world politics. (NTI Article) The period of late 1940s to the early 1950s featured the greatest nuclear instability when the United States and the Soviet Union were both developing their arsenals. Even though politicians talked of destroying the Soviet arsenal quickly, the country developed far too many bombs to make an attack effective. (Source E) Therefore, even in the early stages of nuclear development, the countries with the greatest weapons also had the greatest assurance that no attack would befall them. And after this period in time, the two countries ended up reaching a standstill. The nuclear weapons brought about stability that neither one of the two feuding parties could attack the other. In 1952 the United States tested its first large-scale hydrogen bomb prototype, deriving its energy in large part from thermonuclear fusion of deuterium rather than from the neutron- induced splitting of uranium-235 or plutonium. By 1957, with many additional nuclear explosion tests, the US had developed a more usable thermonuclear weapon that weighed some 400 pounds, with a diameter of 12 inches and a yield of 70 kilotons. ( http://www.fas.org/rlg/102599nw21.htm
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course ENG 155 taught by Professor Johnson during the Spring '08 term at TCNJ.

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radioa[1] - Going Nuclear Hundreds of employed scientists...

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