Historypaper2

Historypaper2 - Lizzie Murdter Great literary works are often produced in the midst of crisis political fragmentation famine or social unrest The

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Lizzie Murdter Great literary works are often produced in the midst of crisis: political fragmentation, famine, or social unrest. The medieval outlook, predominantly concerned with life after death, looked to the church in order to attain salvation and absolution of sins. The medieval period had times of severe political unrest: the papacy struggled against kings expanding their rule. The church and monasteries, resolved not to subordinate to temporal rulers, yet the autonomy of the church remained in danger. The Church had to relinquish power to expanding monarchies. During the reformation religious piety played a vital role, but various people had conflicting opinions about the best way to attain salvation and bring themselves closer to God. This began the protestant movement, the breaking away from the Catholic Church by figures such as Calvin and Luther. Texts emerged in each of these periods reviewing the human condition. These texts examined the fraudulent nature of humanity and the ecclesiastical structure, and analyzed the descent into sin, and by contrast, presented a standard of how to live a pure and pious life.( this sentence was too long the way you had it.) One of the writers (watch you margin- this was not right) that examined the human condition quite thoroughly was Dante Alighieri. Dante, born in Florence in 1265, found himself immersed in political fragmentation by 1300. 1 A family feud eventually gave way to two opposing parties: the black guelfs, led by the Donati family and the white guelfs, led by Corchi. Dante, who identified with the white 1 Marguerite Chiarenza, The Divine Comedy. (Boston: G.K. Hall & Co, 1989), x, xi, 51-53, 55.
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guelfs received the esteemed position of prior, and decided to banish prominent leaders of both groups. Pope Boniface VIII charged Dante with conspiracy against the
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course HIST 117 taught by Professor Gruber during the Spring '08 term at Goucher.

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Historypaper2 - Lizzie Murdter Great literary works are often produced in the midst of crisis political fragmentation famine or social unrest The

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