WINTER_2008_EXAM_III[1]

WINTER_2008_EXAM_III[1] - 1. Exact genetic replica of an...

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1. Exact genetic replica of an organism a. complementary copy (said of ½ a DNA molecule) b. climax organism (in a community at the end of recovery from disturbance or the end of succession) *c. clone d. microarray (ceramic structure containing a cut-up genome) 2. Darwin’s idea of fitness a. strongest will survive b. most competitive will survive *c. best adapted will have more offspring d. tallest out-compete the shortest 3. When bacteria take up DNA and incorporate it into their genomes a. Translation *b. Transformation c. Translocation d. Transpiration 4. An organism that has genes from another species a. Recombinant (said of DNA molecules) b. Climax (vegetation at the end of succession) *c. Transgenic d. Forensic (providing legal evidence) 5. Small, independently replicating extra-chromosomal rings of DNA in bacteria & fungi *a. Plasmids b. SNPs c. PCRs d. restriction enzymes (cuts DNA at specific sites) 6. If you wanted to cut DNA into predictable pieces you would use *a. Restriction enzymes b. Transgenic organisms c. Cloning vectors d. Forensic biotechnology 7. Replicating a DNA molecule requires a. gel electrophoresis (separates DNA fragments) b. restriction fragment length polymorphisms 1
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*c. RNA polymerase, ligase, and DNA nucleotides d. Polymerase chain reaction Makes multiple copies of DNA 8. If you would want to discriminate for or against a person based on his genes you would use a. personalized medicine *b. genetic profiling c. the Hardy-Weinberg Equation d. gel electrophoresis 9. Genes for pesticide resistance begin appearing in the wild grasses surrounding a field where pesticide- resistant genetically engineered corn is growing. What mechanism would most likely be responsible? a. mutation in the wild grasses *b. gene flow to the wild grasses c. transformation of the wild grasses d. natural selection in wild grasses 10. Which lucrative biological triumph resulted from the meeting of two scientists in a Hawaiian deli? *a. human proteins made by bacteria b. discovering & naming bacteria’s extrachromosomal DNA c. discovery of the structure of DNA d. E coli’s use of restriction enzymes 11. Inheritance of acquired characteristics was an idea championed by *a. Charles Lyell b. Charles Darwin (natural selection) c. Alfred Russell d. Georges Cuvier e. Jean-Baptiste de Lamark 12. Inheritance of acquired characteristics could be discredited or substantiated by careful study in the field of a. geology *b. genetics (study of inheritance) c. physics (study of subatomic structure) d. astronomy (study of stars, planets, galaxies) 13. A change in the frequency of alleles in a population over time a. punctuated equilibrium b. adaptive radiation (expansion of a population into multiple lineages) c. gametic isolation 2
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*d. evolution 14. A name for gene modification a. genetics *b. mutation( change or modification of DNA) c. morphology (Study of form) d. anatomy
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WINTER_2008_EXAM_III[1] - 1. Exact genetic replica of an...

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