Lab Block 3 Brain anatomy Brain and Behavior Spring...

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Laboratory practicalsblock 3Brain anatomyBrain and BehaviorNYU PragueSpring 2022Eduard Kelementeaching assistant:Adam-František Hanzlík
Brain anatomyProgram:Brain anatomy introductiongoal:-to understand basics of brain anatomy in a model ofhuman brainSheep brain dissectiongoal:-to practice understanding of brain anatomy in sheep braindissectionBuilding a model braingoal:-to model main brain structures in their anatomicalrelationships
Introduction to brain anatomyExploration of anatomical model of human brain
Main parts of the brainDuke MedicineForebrainThalamusHypothalamusCerebellumPonsMedullaMidbrainDuke MedicineDiencephalon:
Neuronal pathwaysCorpus callosumthe main tract that connects left and right corticalhemispheresFornixconnects hippocampus with diencephalon (thalamus,hypothalamus,mammillary bodies)Pyramidal tractconnects cortex with subcortical structuresCorona radiataInternal capsuleCerebral pedunclePyramidsCerebellar pedunclesconnect cerebellum with the rest of the brain
Cortex of forebrainDuke Medicine
Cortex of forebrainDuke MedicineGray matter (neuronal cell bodies)White matter (neuronal axons)
Corpus callosum is the main, largest tract ofnerve axons (white matter) that connects leftand right cortical hemispheresCorpus callosumDuke Medicine
Anterior commissure is a smaller tract of axonsthat connects left and right temporalhemispheresAnterior commissureDuke Medicine
Pyramidal tractPyramidal tract is formed of axons thatsend information from motor cortex tomuscles of the body.

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Term
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