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Running Header: BATTLE AT WOUNDED KNEE 1Battle at Wounded Knee
Running Header: BATTLE AT WOUNDED KNEE 2Many know of the badlands and black hills of South Dakota; a beautiful and spiritual areaof our country known for the settlement of Native Americans, specifically the Sioux tribes. This area is also known for the ‘Battle at Wounded Knee’, but how many really know the entire story behind it? The Oglala Lakota tribe experienced much political disappointment in the years prior to the Battle at Wounded Knee; this led them to reach out spiritually which would untimely lead to a horrific massacre. In this paper those disappointments will be discussed, then the Lakota spiritual movement and finally the massacre of the Oglala Lakota tribe. First, it is important to understand what led up the spiritual movement; political disappointment.The Sioux nation experienced one disappointment after another, each making their life a little more difficult. There was a time when things seemed okay, the time of the 1886 Fort Laramie Treaty, which “guaranteed the Sioux possession of the hills” (Fuller, 2010). But, not more than six years later gold was discovered in the black hills and shortly after the Sioux lost their land to the government. Even worse though was the elections of 1890; with South Dakota voting Republican the institution of “home rule” would hurt their living conditions even more. This institution “allowed local politicians, instead of the officials of the Indian Office in Washington D.C. to select agents for Indian reservations” (Firkus, 2011, pg 150). South Dakota