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SOCIOLOGY NOTES - SOCIOLOGY NOTES CHAPTER ONE SOCIOLOGICAL...

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SOCIOLOGY NOTES CHAPTER ONE ——— SOCIOLOGICAL IMAGINATION +sociology is the scientific study of human activity in society. +social forces are anything that humans CREATE that influence/pressure how people interact or respond or think. +biography means all the shit you do from birth to death that makes up your life. +sociological imagination is a point of view that lets you identify the stu ff that’s influencing us and figure out how that works into our own biography. +social facts are ideas/feelings/actions that can exist outside our consciousness. Like, gut reactions that you have no control over. First response. A lot of this is just imposed on us, u know? +currents of opinion is the state of a ff airs with regard to some way of being. so, what I mean is like, marriage rate, death rate. idk +troubles are personal probs. +issues are caused by the social forces that created them. +Industrial Revolution era was really the start of Sociology when people started tryna explain the e ff ects of the revolution on people +mechanization was the process of replacing human/animal work with power from burning shit lmao +6 big early sociologists! -Auguste Comte. -positivism is the theory that says knowledge about the world can be derived from sense experience. you gotta live the world to understand it. -social statics are what hold societies together and endure over a long time -social dynamics are the forces that change society -Ya Boi Karl -conflict is the major force that drives social change. -bourgeoisie is the profit-hungry owners. their final goal is always making money -proletariat is the class that gotta sell their labor. their final goal is always increasing wages. -Emile Durkheim -solidarity is the social ties that connect people to each other and to they society -his big thing was suicide, and he basically said that it’s due to a severing of relationships. so there are di ff erent social ties and these are them. -egoistic describes a state where the ties attaching a mofucker to they society is weak. -altruistic is when your ties are only to the group so you have no life outside of the group. -anomic is when your ties to your group are disrupted because of some kinda social circumstance. suddenly you’re in a lower class and your friends don’t want you anymore. -fatalistic is when the ties to the group are so oppressive you’re never gonna get out. -Max Weber -social actions are what u do in response to others -actions can take four forms: traditional (a goal is pursued because that’s just how it’s done), a ff ectional (a goal is pursued because of love/loyalty/revenge/pride), value-rational (goal is pursued with the significance of the action, like, it’s the morals, the getting-there that’s the important part), and instrumental rational (goal is pursued by the most e cient means).
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