Class 5: East Asia in the age of imperialism EASC 150G East Asian Societies Tuesday, September 8, 2015 Professor Jinhee ChoungQuestions for todayChina’s power and prestige waned and Japan emerged as a new world power in the 19th century as they each encountered Western imperialism. What accounts for their divergent fate?
OutlineChina’s encounter of Western imperialismJapan’s encounter of Western imperialismKorea - on ThursdayChina’s encounter of Western imperialism
China’s long dominance of East AsiaThe Great Wall, the Grand Canal, Confucianism and state institutionsZheng He’s expeditions (1405-1433)Inventions: papermaking, the compass, gunpowder and printing (both woodblock and movable type) Economic powerhouse: 1/3 world’s production, 300 million inhabitants (1800)
The growth of British commercial powerIndustrial revolution at the beginning of the 19th century Transportation & communications technologies: steamship, railway, telegraph, refrigerationMilitary: ironclad steam warships, machine gunsBanking, laws, and economic theories
Why did Europe come to EA?Technology: enabled by information, navigational tools, and sailing technology needed for seafaring (by the early 16th century)Economics (trade):Import: spices (Indonesia); tea, porcelain, silk, lacquerware (China)Export: manufactured goods (textiles, etc.) Missionaries: the Jesuits, DominicansThe Chinese perspectives Tribute system with vassal states1760: all Western maritime commercial activity to be confined to Guangzhou - the “Canton trade” system Most active: the British East India Company 1793: Macartney MissionNo new terms or trade goods1816: Lord Amherst not allowed to enter Beijing