Class5_Imperialism(1) - Class 5 East Asia in the age of...

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Class 5: East Asia in the age of imperialism EASC 150G East Asian Societies Tuesday, September 8, 2015 Professor Jinhee Choung Questions for today China’s power and prestige waned and Japan emerged as a new world power in the 19th century as they each encountered Western imperialism. What accounts for their divergent fate?
Outline China’s encounter of Western imperialism Japan’s encounter of Western imperialism Korea - on Thursday China’s encounter of Western imperialism
China’s long dominance of East Asia The Great Wall, the Grand Canal, Confucianism and state institutions Zheng He’s expeditions (1405-1433) Inventions: papermaking, the compass, gunpowder and printing (both woodblock and movable type) Economic powerhouse: 1/3 world’s production, 300 million inhabitants (1800)
The growth of British commercial power Industrial revolution at the beginning of the 19th century Transportation & communications technologies: steamship, railway, telegraph, refrigeration Military: ironclad steam warships, machine guns Banking, laws, and economic theories
Why did Europe come to EA? Technology : enabled by information, navigational tools, and sailing technology needed for seafaring (by the early 16th century) Economics (trade) : Import: spices (Indonesia); tea, porcelain, silk, lacquerware (China) Export: manufactured goods (textiles, etc.) Missionaries : the Jesuits, Dominicans The Chinese perspectives Tribute system with vassal states 1760: all Western maritime commercial activity to be confined to Guangzhou - the “Canton trade” system Most active: the British East India Company 1793: Macartney Mission No new terms or trade goods 1816: Lord Amherst not allowed to enter Beijing
Canton factories c. 1850
Why opium?

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