Chapter 10 - 18th Century - Background - Students - 1 C H A P T E R 10 THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY c 1700 1800 Historical Background \u2022 1643\u20131715 \u2013

Chapter 10 - 18th Century - Background - Students - 1 C H A...

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1 C H A P T E R 10 THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY c. 1700 - 1800
Historical Background 1643–1715 – Louis XIV 1715-1774 - Followed by his great-grand-son Louis XV 1774-1793 - Followed by his grandson, Louis XVI 2
Historical Background Baroque art style gradually changes to the Rococo (by the 1720s) Less massive- Curves were more slender & delicate Emphasis placed on asymmetrical balance 3 Antoine Wateau, Pilgrimage on the Isle of Cythera (1717, Louvre) captures the frivolity and sensuousness of Rococo painting. François Boucher, Le Déjeuner , (1739, Louvre), shows a rocaille interior of a French bourgeois family in the 18th century. The porcelain statuette and vase add a touch of chinoiserie.
4 The French Court continued as center of fashion during the reigns of Louis XIV, XV, XVI
Historical Background Louis XV Louis XV NOT adept at ruling the country Sought entertainment in hunting & women Madame de Pompadour Madame de Pompadour One of his mistresses Served as the king's political advisor Wars Wars brought defeat & debts Louis XV died a hated king in 1774 France France still dominated the culture dominated the culture of western Europe Set the style Fashion literature, decorative arts & philosophical theories 5 Louis XV as a child in coronation robes, portrait by Rigaud Portrait of a lady, c.1750 Jean-Marc Nattier
Louis XV as a child ? id_article=229 Louis XV - strasbourg.fr/pedago/lettres/Victor %20Hugo/Notes/Louis_XV.htm 6
7 Maria Leszczinska Wife of Louis XV Daughter of the King of Portland English: Portrait of Marie Leszczyńska (1703-1768), Queen of France
Madame de Pompadour . Jeanne- Antoinnette Poisson . Mistress of Louis XV Charles-Andre (Carle) van Loo Artist 8
Historical Background Louis XVI Louis XVI Married Marie Antoinette She was 14 (Austrian Princess) He an inept ruler & she unpopular France helped finance American Revolution finance American Revolution French government went bankrupt bankrupt in 1789 Forced the calling of the Estates General Declared itself a National Assembly National Assembly Abolished feudalism @ began to write a constitution The French Revolution was taken over by a group of radicals radicals Ended the monarchy Ended the monarchy & executed the King & Queen in 1793 9 Maria Antoinette 1888 Saint-Amend, Imbert de. Marie Antoinette and the End of the Old Regime . New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1896
Louis XVI, King of France 1774-1793 Louis XVI in Revolutionary Attire ecollete/revolt/louis10.jpg 10
Marie Antoinett e

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