Chapter 10 - 18th Century - Background - Students - 1 C H A...

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1C H A P T E R10THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURYc. 1700 - 1800
Historical Background1643–1715 – Louis XIV1715-1774- Followed by his great-grand-sonLouis XV1774-1793- Followed by his grandson,Louis XVI2
Historical BackgroundBaroque art style gradually changes to theRococo(by the 1720s)Less massive- Curves were more slender & delicateEmphasis placed on asymmetrical balance3Antoine Wateau,Pilgrimage on the Isle ofCythera(1717, Louvre) captures the frivolity andsensuousness of Rococo painting.François Boucher,Le Déjeuner, (1739,Louvre), shows a rocaille interior of aFrench bourgeois family in the 18thcentury. The porcelain statuette andvase add a touch of chinoiserie.
4The French Court continued as center of fashion during thereigns ofLouis XIV, XV, XVI
HistoricalBackgroundLouis XVLouis XVNOT adept at ruling the countrySought entertainment in hunting & womenMadame de PompadourMadame de PompadourOne of his mistressesServed as the king's political advisorWarsWarsbrought defeat & debtsLouis XV died a hated king in 1774FranceFrancestilldominated the culturedominated the cultureof western EuropeSet the styleFashion literature, decorative arts & philosophical theories5Louis XV as a child incoronation robes, portrait byRigaudPortrait of a lady, c.1750Jean-Marc Nattier
Louis XV as a child?id_article=229Louis XV-strasbourg.fr/pedago/lettres/Victor%20Hugo/Notes/Louis_XV.htm6
7MariaLeszczinskaWife of Louis XVDaughter of theKing of PortlandEnglish: Portrait of Marie Leszczyńska(1703-1768), Queen of France
MadamedePompadour.Jeanne-AntoinnettePoisson.Mistress of LouisXVCharles-Andre (Carle) van LooArtist8
HistoricalBackgroundLouis XVILouis XVIMarried Marie AntoinetteShe was 14 (Austrian Princess)He an inept ruler & she unpopularFrance helpedfinance American Revolutionfinance American RevolutionFrench government wentbankruptbankruptin 1789Forced the calling of the Estates GeneralDeclared itself aNational AssemblyNational AssemblyAbolished feudalism @ began to write a constitutionThe French Revolution was taken over by agroup ofradicalsradicalsEnded the monarchyEnded the monarchy& executed the King & Queen in17939Maria Antoinette1888Saint-Amend,Imbert de.MarieAntoinette and theEnd of the OldRegime. New York:Charles Scribner'sSons, 1896
Louis XVI, King of France1774-1793Louis XVI in RevolutionaryAttireecollete/revolt/louis10.jpg10
MarieAntoinette

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Term
Fall
Professor
kutruff
Tags
Marie Antoinette, The American, The Portrait of a Lady, Louis XVI of France, Louis XV of France, Louis XVIII of France, Louis XV

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