Pyschology - Developmental Psychology 13:10:00 ←...

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Unformatted text preview: Developmental Psychology 15/09/2007 13:10:00 ← Psychology is the scientific study of human and animal behavior and the environment in which it occurs ← ← Developmental Psychology is the scientific study of human and animal behavior and the environment in which it occurs, plus their demographics (age, gender etc.) what has happened in their past, and the environment in which it occurs. ← ← Psychological Development begins at conception and ends at death ← ← 8 Periods of Human Lifespan ← 1. Prenatal ← 2. Infancy ← 3. Early Childhood ← 4. Middle Childhood – Late Childhood ← 5. Adolescence ← 6. Early Adulthood ← 7. Middle Adulthood ← 8. Late Adulthood ← ← Not studied until recently: ← Prenatal ← Adulthood ← ← Expanding: ← Adolescence (starts earlier, lasts longer) ← Late Adulthood (young-old, oldest-old) ← Late Adulthood covers the longest span ← ← College kids are studied the most in psychology because they are easy and cheap. ← ← Tasks of Psychology: ← 1. Describe - Are adolescents so much more emotional than people of other ages? 2. Explain - Why are adolescents so much more emotional than people of other ages ← 3. Predict - variations depending on theory (explanation); what will happen in different circumstances ← 4. Modify - our explanation based on evidence; our environment to improve experience ← ← Tasks of Developmental Psychology: ← 1. Describe - establish norms of behavior ← 2. Explain - developmental theories 3. Predict - identify children at risk 4. Modify – advise parents, teachers, etc. ← ← Contextual Influences – Influences, events that affect who you are ← ← 1. Normative Age-Graded – typical, tied to age • teeth falling out (6,7) • starting school (kindergarten, 5) • college (17,18,19) ← 2. Normative History-Graded – at a point of time, impacts people of different ages, in different ways • September 11 th • Vietnam War • Friends (TV show) ← 3. Non-Normative – unusual/purposeful or not • Being dropped on your head as a baby • Winning the spelling bee • Puberty at age 6 ← According to Paul Bates, a life-span perspective is the perspective that development is life-long, multi-dimensional, multi-directional, and contextual. It involves growth, maintenance and regulation, and is constructed through biological, sociocultural, and individual, factors working together....
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Pyschology - Developmental Psychology 13:10:00 ←...

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