Global Warming Paper

Global Warming Paper - Summer in the City: The Effects of...

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Summer in the City: The Effects of Increased Global Temperature on Urban Populations While there are many vocal climate skeptics in the world today, there is a consensus in the scientific community that global warming is a real and present danger. 1 This danger not only affects the poor and migrant populations in Sub-Saharan Africa or those living on the coastlines fearing sea-level rise, or citizens of developing nations, but individuals living in some of the world’s major urban centers in the developed world. It is projected in research published by the International Journal of Climatology that nearly one half of the entire global population resides in urban areas and this number continues to grow; the majority of this increase in urban migration will take place in the developed world. 2 This swell in city population can potentially have dire consequences on an already fragile urban metabolism. In this essay the increase in temperature will be analyzed by studying the European heat wave of 2003. “As the earth warms, life in big cities gets tougher,” and this is especially true for those who are elderly and ill. 3 During the summer of 2003, 35,000 Europeans lost their lives due to increased temperatures and the inability of their bodies to adapt to record high heat. 4 The majority of those Europeans lived in urban areas. 5 The French urban population was affected the 1 Campbell-Lendrum, Diarmid & Corvalan, Carlos. “Climate Change and Developing-Country Cities: Implications for environmental Health and E quity. Journal of Urban Health. Vol. 85, no. 1. 2007. P 110 quoted from IPCC Climate Change 2001: Synthesis Report. Cambridge, 2001. 2 Arnfeld, John A. “Two Decades of Urban Climate Research: A Review of Turbulence, Exchanges of Energy and Water, and the Urban Heat Island.” International Journal of Climatology. Vol. 23. P 1. 2003. The increase in the developed world is due to rising industry and increased economic opportunities unique to large urban centers. 3 Flores, Graciela. “Hot Time in the City.” Natural History . New York: May 2007. Vol. 116. Iss. 4; P 14. 4 Campbell-Lendrum, Diarmid & Corvalan, Carlos. “Climate Change and Developing-Country Cities: Implications for environmental Health and E quity. Journal of Urban Health. Vol. 85, no. 1. 2007. P 109. 5 Fillieul, Laurene, Cassadou, Sylvie, et al. “The Relation between Temperature, Ozone, and
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2 most by the 2003 heat wave, with the majority of the dead being elderly. 6 A heat wave is generally “associated with strong high-pressure systems that block the flow of rain-bearing low- pressure systems,” and forest fires also accompanied this particular heat wave, further adding to its strength and consequences. 7
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Global Warming Paper - Summer in the City: The Effects of...

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