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Roman Culture Study Guide

Roman Culture Study Guide - Clas-C 102 test 2 study guide 1...

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Clas-C 102 test 2 study guide 1. C. Octavius becomes C. Julius Caesar Octavianus a. Convinced army to follow him, helped Marc Antony defeat conspirators, went and followed Lepidus. Was adopted by Julius Caesar. 2. The Second Triumvirate a. M. Antonius i. Asked for ciceros head, he got it, fell in love w/ Cleopatra. Wrote book joy of being drunk. b. C. Julius Caesar Octavianus i. Nephew of Caesar, gave money and power to him, consul at 19. c. M. Lepidus i. Leader of army, takes army, betrayed Octavian gave plans to Pompeii, made pontifus maximus 3. The Battle of Actium a. M. Vispanius Agrippa-2 nd in command build octavians fleet 4. The First Augustan Settlement, 27 B.C. a. C. Julius Caesar Octavius becomes C. Iulius Caesar Augustus 16 January, 27 B.C. i. The proud glorious names emperors will take 5. Princeps a. leader 6. Primus Inter Pares a. First among equals, no one knew what that meant. 7. *Forum of Augustus
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a. Begun 37 B.C., finished A.D. 2 b. Temple of Mars Ultor i. Mars ii. Venus iii. Divus Julius c. North Exedra i. Aeneas 1. Julians 2. Kings of Alba Longa-Right side of circle d. South Exedra i. Romulus 1. Summi Viri e. Titulus f. Elogium-explains history of Italy in Theme 8. *Ara Pacis a. 13 B.C. b. Place where Augustus changed clothes and gave sacrifice before coming into the city. Inside carved picket fence, windows, garlins, ox head on walls. c. Palazzo Fiano 9. Mausoleum of Augustus a. Begun in 29 B.C He started his own tomb, said he was going to find a dynasty and rule Rome forever. Augustus never had a son, daughter was a slut and he exiled her. Had no one to leave it to. He ended up adopting his current wifes son Tiberius.
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b. Res Gestae-found in Turkey, talked of accomplishments.
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