GroupInteractionExam1Review - Exam 1 Group Interaction...

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Exam 1 Group Interaction Chapter 1 Four important ideas about groups Groups exist to meet important needs o Must meet inclusion (belonging), affection (liking), and control (power) The formation of groups is natural to humans; thus groups are everywhere Just because we often participate in groups, we cannot assume we participate effectively. o Grouphate: the feeling of hostility many people have about working in a group. Groups provide the vehicle by which the individual can make a contribution to the organization and society as a whole. What is small group discussion? Group: Three or more people with an interdependent goal who interact and influence each other. Interdependent Goal: An objective shared by members of a small group in such a way that one member cannot achieve the goal without the other members achieving it. Small group: at least three but few enough members for each to perceive all others as individuals, share some identity or common purpose. Small group discussion: a small group of people communicating with each other to achieve some interdependent goal, such as increased understanding, coordination of activity, or solution to a shared problem. Types of small groups Primary groups: A group whose main purpose is to meet members’ needs for inclusion and affection. o Ex. A nuclear family, roommates, several friends. Secondary groups: A group whose major purpose is to complete a task, such decision making and problem solving, writing a report, etc. Meets needs for control and achievement. Other ways to categorize groups Activity Group: A group formed primarily for members to participate in an activity such as bridge, bowling, etc. Personal Growth Group: A group of people who come together to develop personal insights, overcome personality problems, and grow personally through feedback and support of others. o Goal interdependence is low because of individual goals. Educational Groups: A group discussing for the purpose of learning about an understanding a subject more completely. Problem Solving Groups o Problem-solving groups: A group whose purpose is finding ways to solve a problem or address a particular condition. o Committee: A small group of people given an assigned task or responsibility by a larger group or person with authority. o Ad hoc/Special committee: A group that goes out of existence after its specific task has been completed. o Standing committees: A group given an area of responsibility that includes many tasks and continues indefinitely. o Conference committee: a group composed of representatives from two or more groups; members’ responsibilities are to represent the interest of their constituents. o
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2008 for the course COMM 1600 taught by Professor Janep.elvins during the Spring '08 term at Colorado.

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GroupInteractionExam1Review - Exam 1 Group Interaction...

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