U.S..wps - Columbian Americanism Columbus Day itself is a...

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-1 Columbian Americanism - Columbus Day itself is a recent innovation reflecting the successful acculturation of Italian Americans and other ethnics. Generations of Catholic immigrants resented school & popular history that celebrated the Puritans and identified their Thanksgiving with the founding of U.S. In 1934 President Franklin Roosevelt proclaimed 12 October as Columbus Day, a national holiday. Desire to demonstrate social legitimacy and patriotic loyalty of Catholic immigrants.Catholic Columbianism became part of U.S. identity. It is a well-organized nationalism that proclaimed Roman Catholics good Americans and the founding of America a Catholic event. modern world system - the unit of analysis is not the "state" or the "nation" or the "people" but the "world-system" of exchange. human populations construct their cultures in interaction with one another, and not in isolation. development and underdevelopment were not separate phenomena, but were closely bound up with each other--slavery in North American and serfdom in Eastern European were both institutionalized as the "core" colonized "periphery regions." core/periphery - the trend in the core was toward variety and specialization, while the trend in the periphery was toward monoculture." The combination of free labor in the core and coerced labor in peripheral areas was crucial to early capitalist development and the modern world system. Guanches of the Canary islands - The Guanches, inhabitants of the Canary archipelago, were, with the possible exception of the Arawaks of the West Indies, the first people to be driven over the cliff of extinction by European expansion. They were probably related to the Berbers but had been isolated since about 100 A.D. No cattle or horses. Could not spin or weave or make metal tools. The price revolution - "What is distinctive about the English case is not that merchants dealt in commodities, but that they were drawn--rapidly and irresistibly--into the realm of production." refers most specifically to the high rate of inflation that characterized the period across Western Europe, with prices on average rising perhaps sixfold over 150 years. As early as the 16th century, it was thought that this high inflation was caused by the large influx of gold and silver from the New World, especially the silver of Peru which began to be mined in large quantities from 1545. According to this theory, there was simply too much money for the amount of available goods. In reality, the start of the rise in prices predated the large-scale influx of bullion from across the Atlantic, reflecting in part a quintupling of silver production in central Europe in 1460-1530: though this output fell by two-thirds by the 1610s, it was significant in fueling the early stages of inflation and undermining a price regime in place since the previous upsurge in silver production in 1170-1320. Enclosure -
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course HIST 512:103 taught by Professor Reed during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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U.S..wps - Columbian Americanism Columbus Day itself is a...

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