Anthro Review

Anthro Review - Study guide for the Mid-term Exam to be...

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Study guide for the Mid-term Exam to be given Wednesday, Feb. 20. Tamil greetings and gestures. Where do Tamils live? - “Worship” – Va na k-kam formal greeting 4 major subfields of anthropology. e-words: etic, emic, ethnography. - Ethnography o Writing about culture o The activity of interrupting one’s culture o A product of your interoperation - Etic o Come from phonetic – the physics of sound waves in human speech o “Outsiders view” - Emic o Come from phonemic – the study of only those sounds in speech that are meaningful Do phonemics of one language at a time because all languages are different (unique to each culture) o “Insiders view” o Anthropologists put more time in to Emic understanding Three concepts that anthropology emphasizes more than other social sciences 1. Culture(s) a. Learned b. Shared c. Transmitted 2. Holism a. Refers to the whole 3. Fieldwork (museums) a. Used to gather information McGilvray's fieldwork situation: problems and opportunities. - He had problems understanding the Tamil language and understanding others in the culture and also he couldn’t talk to many females because he was an unmarried young man which was against their rules in the culture - He had many opportunities of exploring the culture and going to different rituals such as the circumcision and other rituals 4 goals & 4 stages of the ideal Hindu life-cycle: the Hindu terms & their meanings - Brahmacharya – celibate student, sexually non-active, single (bachelor) o Studying with a teacher (Guru) – gives you the knowledge and promotes you to the next stage after passing o Sacred thread ritual – a rebirth after passing Brahmacharya into adulthood “Twice-born” castes – born again into Hinduism - Grhastha – Married, Householder, have a job or business, making money o Enjoy Artha and Kama
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- Vanaprastha – “Forest-Dweller” o Retired from life o Leave your house and give prosperity to your grown children o Begin thinking about death and afterlife (Moksha) - Sanniyasi – totally cut yourself of from life o Walking courpse o Sociallically dead o Don’t own any of your property o Legally a different person o Totally free to pursue Moksha before you biologically die - Dharma means “Duty” o Bachelor of Arts, the guy was stealing flowers from the garden to present them to god o Karma – reward for the actions you perform Good actions earn you good karma Evil actions earn you bad karma Rebirth – the Hindus say that you will have a rebirth when you die into a high level of life or low level of life depending on your good or bad karma The ultimate goal is not be reborn but achieve Moksha Caste Systems Brahmias are the highest Untouchables are the lowest o Samsara The love you have for your family Respect for the world and everyone in because of your being Bonds All human beings have it Part of your dharma Want to cut some of your samsara away because you want to be independent
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Anthro Review - Study guide for the Mid-term Exam to be...

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