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Johnny SalinasStudent ID 0437099TESC- HLS 355 -Mar 2014Final Project(202)821-2401[email protected]Critical Thinking ModelDuring the course I have been introduced to two models of critical thinking. I have been made aware of the “Elements of Thought” by Elder and Paul, also “Right Questions” by Browne and Keeley. Both are very interesting and informing models. These models have their similaritiesbut are used for different types of critical thinking. “Elements of Thoughts” is more suitable for the everyday person but is also depends on one’s job field. “Right Questions” is more suitable if you have a time to analyze and criticize. Using both models as an example, a final critical think-ing model will be produced for the use by Homeland Security. The model will include purpose, argument, evidence, reasoning, assumptions, consequences and evaluation. The final model will show how it could be used in support of homeland security, using one historical event that might have been prevented or mitigated by using this model.Elements of Thoughts“Elements of Thoughts” by Elder and Paul is easier to follow. Their ides are blatantly published for your reading. This model has 8 questions that are based around purpose, author’s point of view, assumptions, implications, evidence, inferences or conclusion, concepts and ques-tions. This model is used for when developing clear arguments against voiced opinion or under-laying assumptions. “It also allows you to recognize the opinions and assumptions in your own work, and then try to lessen them.” (Module 3 Lecture Notes, 2014) This allows for critical thinking to happen when we have an argument against an author’s point of view. In this type of critical thinking opinions are stated. Allows the reader to analyze and reason with the author’s thoughts that have been presented or perceived.
Asking the Right Questions“Asking the right questions” by Browne and Keeley is an easy read but you have to pay abit more attention to the reading. This model is based around issues and conclusions, reasons, ambiguous words or phrases, value and descriptive assumption, fallacies in reasoning, evidence, rival causes, deceptive stats, omitted information and what other conclusions are possible. “When taking a critical approach to a persuasive piece, a deep investigation into the material is needed. While its conclusions may be apparent, deceptive data, omissions and conflicts may not be so easy to figure out.” ( Module 4 Lecture Notes, 2014) In this model we are presented with what the author’s assumes is the correct way to persuade you to agree with their opinion. This al-lows for us to see what we don’t know about a piece which might greatly influence our decision to agree or disagree with the author’s point of view.