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classification - PRINCIPLES OF CLASSIFICATION Ctenosaura...

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PRINCIPLES OF CLASSIFICATION Ctenosaura similis (Grey) Black iguana Iguana iguana (Linnaeus) Green iguana
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CAROLUS LINNAEUS (18 th century) Father of taxonomy Used structural features to classify plants and animals. Work was very extensive.
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Introduced the concept of binomial nomenclature . CLASSIFICATION LEVELS Phylum- Chordata Subphylum- Vertebrata Class- Reptilia Order- Squamata
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Family- Iguanidae Genus- Iguana or Ctenosaura Species- iguana or similis
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RULES IN SCIENTIFIC NAMING Written in latin and either underlined or in italics. Genus is capitalized. Basiliscus vittatus Wiegmann Striped basilisk
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Author’s name is put into parentheses when genus is changed. Only Linnaeus is abbreviated with first letter of name. Galleria mellonella (L.) Greater wax moth
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LAW OF PRIORITY- First person to describe an organism is the scientific name that is used and accepted. Tapirus bairdii Baird’s Tapir
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SPECIES (biological concept) A population of organisms that is reproductively isolated from other populations and share the same gene pool.
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