Unformatted text preview: Human Dimensions of Fisheries & Wildlife Management Steve L. McMullin Natural resource management is
"The manipulation of organismal populations, their habitats, and people to achieve specific human objectives"
Organisms Habitat People Organisms, Habitat and People are Like 3 Legs of a Stool If any one of those legs is weak or broken, the stool will not stand up Management of people has several dimensions. .
People Social Dimension Political Dimension Legal Dimension Economic Dimension What famous people say about human dimensions of natural resource mgmt.
"To begin with, I had to know something about the people, the country and the trees. And of the three, the first was the most important." Gifford Pinchot Famous people (cont.)
"The problem of game management is not how we shall handle the deer... the real problem is one of human management. Wildlife management is comparatively easy; human management difficult." Aldo Leopold What is Human Dimensions?
"The challenge of understanding and clarifying stakeholders' perspectives on [resource] management programs and issues, and systematically incorporating such insight into decision making." Decker and Enck 1996 Who are stakeholders?
Stakeholders are people who stand to benefit from or be negatively affected by management decisions or actions.
-including those who believe they will be affected -and those who don't know they will be affected Four Major Human Dimensions Concerns For Fish & Wildlife managers
Decker and Enck (1996) 1. 2. Identify stakeholders Understand forces affecting stakeholder participation in fish & wildlife-related activities Involving stakeholders in management decision making Weighting disparate stakeholder input in management decisions 3. 4. Identifying and Understanding Stakeholders Probably the most important and critical HD need for successful management Who are the stakeholders? What are their attitudes & opinions regarding conservation of fish and wildlife? Understanding Forces Affecting Participation Traditionally focused on participation in hunting & fishing Nonconsumptive activities gaining greater importance Motivation, specialization, what constitutes a "quality experience" Involving stakeholders or obtaining input for decision making Social science methods to gauge public opinion Assist managers in making decisions
Hunter Opinion of Hunting on Sunday
Strongly Oppose Somewhat Oppose Neither Support Nor Oppose Somewhat Support Strongly Support 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% Stakeholders are diverse HD info should not be used to make resource management a process of counting votes Not a substitute for professional judgment and management in the public interest Need to understand your values & those of the stakeholders
North Carolina Sunday Hunting Study
65 55-64 Age (Years) 45-54 35-44 25-34 18-24 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Weight disparate stakeholder input in making decisions 1 2 3 4 5 "Good biology is needed to set bounds on what is possible, but biology alone does not tell us what is best for the many stakeholders served by the manager." Decker and Enck (1996) Case Study: Montana's Bighorn River When You Think of Montana... Perhaps You Think of Mountains and Winter But Half of Montana is Prairie Yellowtail Dam created trout habitat And hatchery trucks created a trout fishery A mixed fishery of brown trout and rainbow trout Including some trophy sized fish! Fishing pressure grew rapidly The character of the fishery changed
Percent of all anglers
100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1973 Residents 1983 Nonresidents 1990 Higher use and changing users created a controversy that had to be addressed
-But guides and outfitters wanted everyone to catch & release fish -Many local anglers wanted to be able to harvest some fish -Fishery managers felt improving habitat was the key Fish Population Monitoring We modeled effects of flows and regulations on fish populations What do these graphs suggest about potential management strategies? Habitat (Flows)>>Regulations Number of fish stays about the same under all regulation options Number of fish increases significantly when flows are enhanced Management Plan Goals (Based on Public Values) Manage for wild trout, not hatchery trout Emphasize habitat improvement (enhanced flows) Emphasize opportunity to catch large trout (>18") Liberalize brown trout harvest Restrict rainbow trout harvest Effects of the Management Planning Process on Public Opinion of Management
The management plan improved my understanding of the Bighorn River and its fishery. My opinion of how the Bighorn River should be managed changed as a result of reading the plan. Strongly Agree Agree No Opinion Disagree Strongly Disagree 0 20 40 93% Strongly Agree Agree No Opinion Disagree Strongly Disagree 50% 60 0 20 40 60 ...
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