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Malott Ch.27 doc

Malott Ch.27 doc - reinforcement the behavior frequently...

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I. Malott Ch. 27: Maintenance A. Myths about Extinction: 1. Perceptual-Behavior Intervention myth: tendency of behaviorists to succumb to belief that once they modify behavior, the modified behavior maintains itself and behavioral consequences cease 2. Intermittent Reinforcement Myth: idea that by establishing a desirable behavior through continuous reinforcement and then gradually decreasing the reinforcer, the behavior will eventually maintain itself w/o reinforcers present B. The truth: All achievements have limits! 1. According to the Law of Effect , behaviors cannot continue w/o being reinforced a. Law of Effect: the consequences of our actions (based on the degrees of pleasure or aversion associated with them) determine the rate at which behaviors will continue 2. Performance Maintenance : the continuing of performance after it was first established C. How Behavior is REALLY maintained: 1. behavior traps: as desirable behavior increases w/continual
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Unformatted text preview: reinforcement, the behavior frequently comes in contact with built-in reinforcement contingencies, which essentially "trap" and maintain the behavior long after continual reinforcement ceases a. ie: As Jim learns to surf, he continues to return to the beach more and more because of how much he enjoys surfing; as his surfing increases and is reinforced with feelings of pleasure and freedom, built-in reinforcements eventually sustain these pleasurable feelings and maintains, or "traps" his ongoing surfing b. involves a shifting set of reinforcement contingencies: begin w/continual reinforcement and then shift to built-in reinforcements 2. We can constantly maintain good performance and suppress undesirable performance in 2 ways: a. Punishment contingencies to maintain suppression of undesirable behaviors b. Perceptual performance contracts...
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