terry ch. 8

terry ch. 8 - I. Terry Ch.8: Short-term Retention A....

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I. Terry Ch.8: Short-term Retention A. Short-Term Memory vs. Short-Term Retention 1. STM: memory limited in duration and capacity 2. STR: research on how retention over short intervals of time B. History 1. William James (1890): Primary Memory vs. Secondary Memory a. Primary Memory: conscious, part of psychological present b. Secondary Memory: absent 4m consciousness and part of psychological past 2. Waugh and Norman (1965): primary-secondary memory distinction a. Primary memory is limited in capacity and can only hold a few items for a few seconds b. forgetting occurs rapidly w/o rehearsal c. b/c only a small number of memories can be retained at one time, addition of new memories requires displacement of some items already in STM d. forgetting 4m primary memory mainly due to displacement 3. recall can come from primary memory, secondary, or both 4. Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968): short-term store vs. long-term store a. short-term store: controls how memory is stored (active process) ie: where to direct attention, how to code inputs,
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This note was uploaded on 02/11/2009 for the course PSYC 305 taught by Professor Lavond during the Fall '07 term at USC.

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terry ch. 8 - I. Terry Ch.8: Short-term Retention A....

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