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study guideTest 4 - REVIEW NOTES TEST 4 Know Definitions...

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REVIEW NOTES TEST 4 Know Definitions and Examples Chpt. 12 Methods of Cultural Anthro Ethnography: the field work strategy unique to cultural anthropology Key informant: an expert on a particular aspect of native life – a person s ethnographer gets to know in the field, the people who teach him about their culture. Methods of the ethnography 1. Direct, firsthand observation of daily behavior, including participant observation. 2. Conversations such as chit chat, formal talks, and interviews. 3. The genealogical method – Procedures by which ethnographers discover and record connections of kinship, descent, and marriage, using diagrams and symbols. Emic Perspective - Investigates how local people think. What are their rules for behaviors? What has meaning to them? Etc Etic Perspective – Scientist-orientated approach shifts focus from local categories to those of an anthropologist. Survey research – Characteristic research procedure among social scientists other than anthropologists. Studies society through sampling, statistical analysis, and impersonal data collection. Chpt 13 Culture Culture – Complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, arts, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society, Not Genetic Cultural Universals - are the key elements shared by all groups of people throughout the history of man. Studying these elements helps us to understand how and why groups of people live together as they do. Generality – Culture pattern or trait that exists in some but not all societies. Particularity – Distinctive or unique culture trait, pattern, or integration. Levels: 1. International – Cultural traditions that extend beyond national boundaries. 2. National – Cultural experiences, beliefs, learned behavior patterns, and values shared by citizens of the same nature. 3.
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study guideTest 4 - REVIEW NOTES TEST 4 Know Definitions...

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