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Unformatted text preview: Notes for Session 2 Facts About Persons with Disabilities More than 50 million Americans (one in every six) have disabling conditions that may interfere with their life activities. Disabilities are disproportionately represented among minorities, the elderly, and lower socioeconomic populations. Estimates of annual disability related costs to the nation total range from 170-200 billion dollars. Thirteen students out of every 100 are receiving special education services. 3-5 years 6-11 years 12-17 years 6-17 years 18-21 years 3-21 years Number 587,438 2,793,429 2,589,580 5,383,009 283,406 6,253,853 Percent 5.05 11.26 1.80 8.32 Defining Exceptionality Statistical Standards : Persons are defined as exceptional based on the degree to which a behavior or characteristic differs from the average score obtained from the 'normal' population. Medical Standards : Exceptionality is defined by the presence or absence of disease symptoms. Social Standards : Exceptionality is determined by written or unwritten rules primarily dictated by society. Types of Disabilities Developmental disabilities : Disabilities associated with delays in developmental milestones (e.g., walking, talking, self-help). Injury-related disabilities : Injury, accidents and trauma that interrupt a normal course of development. Disabilities Associated with Chronic Illness and Aging : The loss of developed skills over time Four Key Terms Exceptional children : includes all children whose physical and/or learning abilities differ from the norm to such an extent that an individualized program of special education is needed to meet their needs. Disability : reduced function or loss of a particular body part or organ which limits the ability to perform certain tasks (e.g.., hear, walk, see) in the same way that most nondisabled persons do. Handicap : the problems a person with a disability or impairment encounters in interacting with the environment; a disability may pose a handicap in one environment but not in another. At Risk : children who, while not currently identified as having a disability are considered to have a greater-than -usual-chance of developing a disability....
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This note was uploaded on 02/11/2009 for the course SPED 101 taught by Professor Troseth during the Spring '09 term at Vanderbilt.
- Spring '09