SPED 1010 Notes for Session 3

SPED 1010 Notes for Session 3 - Notes for Session 3 Section...

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Notes for Session 3 Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act No otherwise qualified handicapped individual in the United States…shall solely by reason of his handicap, be excluded from the participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subject to discrimination under any activity receiving federal assistance. -- considered to be the first civil rights law for disabilities --Civil rights law - does not comple school to provide substantual services - used for children who do not qualify under IDEA Who Is Protected Uses the Section 504 definition of disability physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major life activities record of such an impairment being regarded as having such an impairment includes persons with HIV and tuberculosis, unless there is a direct threat (significant risk) of infection. Exclusions: does not include simple physical characteristics, cultural or economic disadvantage age, temporary impairments, pregnancy, or obesity (only rare cases) Individuals with Disability Education Act (IDEA) (Originally Education of All Handicapped Children's Act) (1975) This is the most important act guaranteeing children with disabilities educational opportunities. All children must be provided with a free, appropriate education (FAPE). Due process must be observed, and all children are to be educated in the least restrictive environment . Principles of IDEA 1. Zero reject: Prevents the exclusion of any student from a free and appropriate education. States also required to find sutdents with disability. 2. Nondiscriminatory evaluation : A rule requiring schools to evaluate students fairly to determine if they have a disability, and if so, what kind and how extensive a disability they have. 3. Appropriate Education : A rule requiring schools to provide individually tailored education for each student based on the evaluation and augmented by related or supplementary (related) services. IEP - individulized education program 4. Least restrictive environment : a rule requiring schools to education students with disabilities with non disables students to the maximum extent appropriate for the students with disabilities (And they still benefit from their IEP). FAPE and LRE go hand in hand.
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