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PowerPointMingstChapter02 - Chapter 2 The Historical...

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Chapter 2 The Historical Context of Contemporary International Relations
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Key Developments Before 1648 The sovereign Greek city-states reach the height of their power in 400 B.C.; they carry out cooperative functions through diplomacy and classic power politics. The Roman Empire (50 B.C.-A.D. 400) originates imperialism, develops the practice of expanding territorial reach. The empire is united through law and language, while allowing some local identity. The Middle Ages (400-1000) witness the centralization of religious authority in the church, with decentralization in political and economic life. The late Middle Ages (1000-1500) foster the development of transnational networks during the age of exploration. In focus
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Emergence Of Westphalian System Treaty of Westphalia 1648 ended Thirty Years War in Europe Effects of Treaty: » European states embraced notion of sovereignty; » Monarchs have political authority, not the Catholic Church; » Sovereign state enjoys rights within its own territory.
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Sovereignty—Idea And Practice French philosopher Jean Bodin: Sovereignty is "the distinguishing mark of the sovereign in that he cannot in any way be subject to the commands of another, for it is he who makes law for the subject, abrogates law already made, and amends obsolete law." Limits to sovereignty: Divine or natural law, covenants, contracts
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This note was uploaded on 02/12/2009 for the course PLSC 212 taught by Professor Krause during the Winter '09 term at Eastern Michigan University.

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PowerPointMingstChapter02 - Chapter 2 The Historical...

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