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PowerPointMingstChapter04 - Chapter 4 The International...

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Chapter 4 The International System
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Thinking Conceptually What is a system? Assemblage of units, objects, parts Change in one leads to changes in other parts Patterns to the interaction Acts in regularized ways
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International System: Liberal View Theory in Brief Characterization Actors Constraints Possibility of Change Three liberal interpretations: interdependence among actors, international society, and anarchy States, international governmental institutions, nongovernmental organizations, multinational corporations, substate actors None; ongoing interactions No possibility of radical change; constant incremental change as actors are involved in new relationships
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Three Liberal Characterizations International system as process, multiple interactions among actors » Keohane and Nye Power and Interdependence » Interdependent system, mutual sensitivities and vulnerabilities International system as international society (English school) » Actors share common identity » They consent to common rules and institutions Neoliberal institutionalists see international system as anarchic » But possibility of institutions created from self interest » Moderate state behavior
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Change in the Liberal International System Occurs from exogenous technological developments (communication/ transportation) Changes in relative importance of different issues from security to economics New actors emerge (MNCs, NGOs)
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International System: Realist View System is anarchic; no authority above the state State is sovereign; each must look out for own interest Constrains the actions of states Disagree: about degree of state autonomy
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PowerPointMingstChapter04 - Chapter 4 The International...

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