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Unformatted text preview: Civil Liberties Lecture 4 PLSC 112 Highlights Difference between Civil liberties and Civil rights Types of liberties Limits to liberties Role of the courts Understand the definition of civil liberty. Understand that the Bill of Rights Key Question The key question to be explored in this chapter is: In American democracy, how should the rights of individuals be balanced against those of society as a whole? Distinction Civil Liberties: Recognizes a limit to the power of the government in its interactions with the citizen. Civil rights: recognizes a responsibility of the government to provide for the minority protection against tyranny of a majority The Constitutional Basis for Our Civil Liberties Safeguards in the Original Constitution Guarantee of Habeas Corpus No bill of attainder No ex post facto law The Constitutional Basis for Our Civil Liberties The Bill of Rights Function is to protect the rights of minority groups against the will of the majority. The Incorporation Issue (Did Bill of Rights apply to states?)-Due Process of Law, procedural and substantive (14 th Amendment) Freedom of Religion The Establishment Clause (Govt-may not create an official religion) Prayer in the Schools- Engel v. Vitale (1962) Evolution versus Creationism- Epperson v. Arkansas...
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