Lecture 9 Political parties

Lecture 9 Political parties - Political Parties PLSC112...

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Political Parties PLSC112 Lecture 9 Highlights *History of Political Parties *Why Parties *Role of parties *Party system *Third parties *Electoral rules *Winner take all *Plurality Political parties *Madison referred to the precursor of the political party, Factions as “liberty is to a faction what air is to fire” we will see that parties started out as an objectionable development in American politics. *The father of the nation Washington himself delivered a stern warning rejecting the development of parties Washington's warning *“Let me… warn you in the most solemn manner against the baneful effects of the spirit of party, generally. This spirit …exist under different shapes in all governments, more or less stifled, controlled, or repressed: but in those of the popular form it is seen in its greatest rankness and is truly their worst enemy.” Sedition act *So strong was the fear of parties that the federalist decided to combat the development with the infamous Alien and Sedition Acts. *These acts among other things made it illegal for anyone to criticize the president or Congress *As many as twenty-five people were arrested and convicted
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Why parties *Aldrich argues that parties first formed to solve the collective action problem within government *Before parties government was a collection of individuals each with an agenda. This lead to conflicts that made legislation slow and tedious. Pork barreling was the order of the day. What are political parties *Political parties like interest groups are organizations that seeking to influence government. *They are distinguished from interest groups on the basis of their orientation. *A party seeks to control government by getting its members elected to office thereby controlling the governments personnel *Parties allowed for the coming together of like minded people who were then able to, through their cooperation determine policy. *These people did not agree on all things at
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This note was uploaded on 02/12/2009 for the course PLSC 112 taught by Professor Sidlow during the Fall '08 term at Eastern Michigan University.

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Lecture 9 Political parties - Political Parties PLSC112...

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