Lecture 10 Elections & Campaigns

Lecture 10 - Campaigns and Elections PLSC 112 Lecture 10 Learning Objectives*Understand the three methods used to nominate candidates and the

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Campaigns and Elections PLSC 112 Lecture 10 Learning Objectives *Understand the three methods used to nominate candidates and the challenges posed to the promise of democracy in each. *Understand the stages of the presidential nomination process. *Understand the purposes of the national convention. *Understand how the president is elected and the rationale behind the electoral college. *Understand how members of Congress are elected and how the process differs from presidential elections. *Understand the role of money and fundraising in congressional campaigns and how donations are regulated. The Promise of Elections *Elections connect the people to government. Since the people are the ultimate source of sovereignty in a democracy, elections are critical to the promise of democracy. Elections make government responsive and accountable to the will of the people. Elections also help uphold the core democratic values of popular sovereignty, majority rule, and political equality. Methods of Nominating Candidates *Parties in the United States have used three methods of nominating candidates – legislative caucus, conventions, and direct primaries. *Legislative Caucus *The method for choosing nominees for state and national offices in which the party’s members in a state legislature assembled to select candidates for statewide office, and party members in the House of Representatives selected candidates for president and vice president. *Convention *The method for choosing nominees for state and national offices in which delegates from various states assembled at a convention. *The Direct Primary *The method for choosing nominees for state and national offices in which voters choose the nominees for office. How We Nominate Candidates *The Direct Primary and Loss of Party Control
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*Party’s candidates for general election are chosen *Closed Primaries – “only party members can vote to choose party’s candidates” *Open Primaries – “voter can vote for a party’s candidates regardless of party membership” *Blanket and Nonpartisan Primaries Incumbents Defeated in Primaries Nominating Presidential Candidates *Presidential Primaries and Caucuses *State presidential primaries; different methods of voting *Primaries - The Rush to be First (Front loading); “Super Tuesday”
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This note was uploaded on 02/12/2009 for the course PLSC 112 taught by Professor Sidlow during the Fall '08 term at Eastern Michigan University.

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Lecture 10 - Campaigns and Elections PLSC 112 Lecture 10 Learning Objectives*Understand the three methods used to nominate candidates and the

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