Gov Final Review - Gov Final Review Political Culture by...

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Gov Final Review Political Culture by Jack Citrin America as an ideological nation, defining itself not ethnically but through the values of democracy, individualism, liberty, equality, and property rights Multiculturalism vs. overarching national identity Most Americans continue to support the ideal of an overarching common identity w/o denying the legitimacy of ethnic pride and diverse traditions Suspicion of political power Americans tend to trust their own represents but not Congress as a whole American individualism refers to belief in the value of human independence and self-reliance Personal responsibility and individual economic opportunity Most Americans distinguish between political/legal equality and economic equality Distinction between equality of opportunity and equality of results Culture war in America is about personal and public morality Religiosity underlies one’s choice of moral vision Americans have more opportunities to vote than citizens of any other democracy yet they vote at lower rates than the citizens of virtually every other democracy
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Decreases in marriage rates, length of residence in a community, job stability and church attendance contribute to the decline in American turnout The Media by S. Robert Lichter The US created the model of constitutionally recognized, lightly regulated, ad privately owned communications media that deliver the news to a mass audience Independent press was created in US during a time of suspicion of centralized gov’t this allowed for criticism of gov’t Most press in the US shed partisan ties by mid-nineteenth century reflects America’s heritage as the quintessential bourgeois liberal democracy, which operates within a widely shared ideological framework drawn from classical liberalism. In Europe most electronic/television media outlets are state owned First amendment is the reason the American press developed so differently from the European press Reporters became prominent when it became possible to quickly transmit information across the country This professionalized the field of journalism and reduced opinionated journalism in favor of unbiased news and facts TV/Radio are more regulated by the gov’t through the FCC thus making them more politically neutral than print media New Media: blogs, etc anyone can be a journalist now
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Congress and executive branch officials frequently advance or undermine policies and personnel changes by leaking information to reporters as trail balloons. Crime is a huge subject of the media makes it seem like crime is higher than it actually is Conservatives have long expressed anger about the bias opinioned stories journalists guise as news Popular Culture by Martha Bayles Difference btwn “high” and “popular” culture Jazz and blues came out of a hybrid of classically trained black musicians
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This note was uploaded on 02/12/2009 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '08 term at American Public University.

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Gov Final Review - Gov Final Review Political Culture by...

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