The Reformation 16th Century - The Reformation 16th Century...

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The Reformation 16 th Century Northern Renaissance is a bridge between the Renaissance and the Reformation Northern Renaissance o Spread of Italian Renaissance to Northern Europe o Less emphasis on individual and more emphasis on society o More interested in the well-being of the society o Social Justice is a big issue o Northern Humanism or Christian Humanism Erasmus aka “prince of humanists” Thomas More Machiavelli Erasmus & Thomas More Seperation of Politics Political success measured by what from morality good you did Success is holding power Justice instead of power Socially sensitive intellectuals aware of the plight of the common man Plight of pre-modern intellecutals they feared the people they want to help Reformation o Origin of Reformation Luther did not intend to break with the pope Most sincere Christian in the 16 th century Tormented over salvation Essential question: how to be saved? Terrified that he was unworthy of God’s grace so he became a priest then a monk instead of a lawyer Some believe Reformation is a reaction to the worldliness of the Renaissance
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Others say not very different Both seek truth by going back (seeking inspiration in the past) Both pre-modern Both emphasize the importance of the individual Luther’s disputes with the Church triggered a civil war in Germany Btwn German princes Peace of Augsburg -1555 (each prince could choose the religious denomination of their people) Before Luther there were two religious reformers that said the same things he did but no split in church John Wycliffe (Lollard) England – late 15 th century o Silenced by church Jan Hus (follower of Wycliffe in Bohemia) – burned at the stake in 1415 Why did Luther succeed? Change in technology – ideas could spread (had access to printing press) German princes wanted to gain more power (wanted to be Lutheran for materialistic reasons) – no pope, more money Holy Roman Emperor (Charles V) distracted during Luther’s time (too busy fighting Ottoman-Turks and
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